Violence in Rakhine State, Myanmar, beginning on 25 August 2017 has driven Rohingya refugees across the border into Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh. Since that date Rakhine State has suffered widespread violence, mass displacement of civilians and the suspension of most aid activities. By 30 September, more than 509,000 people had crossed into Bangladesh, joining some 300,000 who had fled there in earlier waves of displacement. Those fleeing are concentrated in two upazilas (sub-districts), Ukhia and Teknaf, putting an immense strain on infrastructure, services and the host population. Significant numbers of new arrivals are being absorbed into the local host communities.
The Rohingya refugee population in Cox’s Bazar tripled over two weeks and continues to grow. The speed and scale of the influx has caused a critical humanitarian emergency: without rapid, comprehensive response, there will be massive harm and loss of life. Current conditions in the camps are congested with drastically inadequate facilities for the number of people already present and still arriving, and shortages of food, water, sanitation, shelter, and medical services.
The Government of Bangladesh has generously welcomed the refugees, hosting a half-million people (with more potentially to come) in an already densely populated country. The response from the Bangladeshi authorities has been effective, humane and generous but international support is needed. Over the last six weeks, the work of aid organizations on the ground (local and international) has been scaled up to deliver 9 million food rations, water and sanitation support to 300,000 people, immunization to 150,000 children, shelter kits to 150,000 and counselling and trauma support to over 50,000. The “Preliminary Response Plan” of early September sought USD 77 million for an initial response with a planning figure of 300,000 people, and received rapid but partial funding. The newly revised plan covers the period September 2017 – February 2018 and requires USD 434 million to help an anticipated 1.2 million people in need.
Please find the Humanitarian Response Plan for the Rohingya Refugee Crisis attached to this message. HERE