General Questions

ER is an approach that addresses recovery needs that arise during the humanitarian phase of an emergency, using humanitarian mechanisms that align with development principles. It enables people to use the benefits of humanitarian action to seize development opportunities, builds resilience, and establishes a sustainable process of recovery from crisis. 


Early Recovery is both an approach to humanitarian response which, through enhanced coordination, focuses on strengthening resilience, re-building or strengthening capacity, and contributing to solving rather than exacerbating long standing problems which have contributed to a crisis; and also a set of specific programmatic actions to help people to move from dependence on humanitarian relief towards development.


Early Recovery is never just a ‘phase’. It is a multidimensional process of recovery that begins in the early days of a humanitarian response. An Early Recovery approach means focusing on local ownership and strengthening capacities; basing interventions on a thorough understanding of the context to address root causes and vulnerabilities as well as immediate results of crisis; reducing risk, promoting equality and preventing discrimination through adherence to development principles that seek to build on humanitarian programmes and catalyse sustainable development opportunities. It aims to generate self-sustaining, nationally owned, resilient processes for post crisis recovery and to put in place preparedness measures to mitigate the impact of future crises.


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Deployment of Early Recovery Advisors(ERAs) is one of the “IASC Recommendations on Strengthening Early Recovery” to support the Country Level Early Recovery efforts. Key responsibilities of the ERAs include: support to the RC/HCs, HCTs and Clusters on integration of Early Recovery approach and related principles; technical support; analysis of Early Recovery opportunities; facilitation of transition from relief to development and linkages to broader nationally owned recovery and development agendas (e.g. UNDAF), networks and frameworks; development of strategies to support durable solutions for internally displaced; and information management support. All the ERAs have completed the Global Cluster for Early Recovery training and are guided by ToRs aligned with the current humanitarian architecture. ERAs report directly to the HCs.


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Deployment of Cluster Coordinators for Early Recovery (CCfER). At the Country Level clusters are responsible for integration Early Recovery from the outset of the humanitarian response. As per the 2013 IASC Principals “Recommendations on Strengthening Early Recovery”, existing coordination structures will be utilized to integrate Early Recovery approach at the country level. Based on the local context and needs, the Humanitarian Coordinator (HC) may recommend an Early Recovery cluster to be established (i.e. with a specific focus on an identified thematic area not covered by other clusters). If an Early Recovery or a thematic Cluster is activated the Global Cluster for Early Recovery will support deployment of a trained Cluster Coordinator for Early Recovery (CCfER). The Cluster Coordinator’s performance will be guided by the IASC endorsed Terms of Reference (ToR) for Cluster Coordinators at the Country Level and the Guiding Principles for Early Recovery.


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