Security operations in North Waziristan and its surrounding regions forced the local population to take refuge in neighboring areas, especially Bannu district, KP and FR Bannu, FATA. More than 400,000 people left the conflict zone after military airstrikes began.
The humanitarian cluster mechanism is operational in FATA and KP and responded by helping the government’s relief activities. Led by UNDP, the Community Restoration (Core) Cluster was formally activated in August 2014 to cover the complex emergency in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP)/Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) of Pakistan following the large-scale displacement of population from the North Waziristan Agency of FATA to hosting areas in KP as a result of the ongoing military operation in this area. Further displacements from FATA increased the total caseload of IDP families to around 300,000. Since the launch of the FATA Sustainable Return and Rehabilitation Strategy in April 2015 nearly 50% of the IDP families have been able to return home to FATA while the other half remain in hosting areas. Living conditions in both the IDP return and hosting areas remain complex and many people continue to struggle to meet their basic needs.
Under the 2016 Humanitarian Strategic Plan, the Core Cluster seeks to provide immediate support to improve livelihoods opportunities for the vulnerable population in the hosting and return areas. The CoRe Cluster is responsible for addressing issues not covered by other clusters, but are essential for kick-starting early recovery efforts. These include support in recovering governance functions, restoring non-farm livelihoods, repairing and restoring community basic infrastructure, strengthening community resilience through social cohesion, and mainstreaming disaster risk reduction (DRR) in the crisis response. The Cluster also supports durable solutions for displaced persons, including their return and reintegration.
The FATA CoRe Cluster is co-chaired by the FATA Disaster Management Authority (FDMA) and KP’s Provincial Disaster Management Authority (PDMA). The Cluster Coordinator liaises with the UNDP Provincial Office, FDMA, FATA Secretariat and PDMA for effective coordination and management.
CoRe Cluster members are active in Bajaur, Khyber, Kurram, Orakzai, South Waziristan, North Waziristan and Bannu and are supporting IDPs through community mobilization, cash-for-work (CFW) initiatives, community physical infrastructure schemes, livelihood grants and livelihood training.
The Humanitarian Strategic Plan (HSP) 2016 estimated that 1.2 million people remain displaced; a mere 0.6 million IDPs returned to FATA in 2015. Pakistan hosts 1.54 million registered Afghan refugees, the world’s largest protracted refugee caseload.
Given the situation and ongoing recovery efforts, the CoRe Cluster has prioritized interventions that improve the self-sufficiency and resilience of IDPs that have returned to FATA (in support of Strategic Objective 1 - Support the humanitarian and protection needs of IDPs in host and return areas, ensuring a smooth transition to longer-term recovery and development). Given the urgent need to re-establish livelihoods, Cluster partners aim to provide non-farm livelihood support to 280,000 FATA IDPs in the hosting areas of KP and return areas of FATA. CoRe cluster has requested 22.7 million USD and this will be provided through three key support strategies: CFW initiatives, livelihood grants and livelihood trainings.