On 25 April 2015 - a 7.8 magnitude earthquake struck Nepal causing widespread destruction and loss of life.
The epicenter was located 81km northwest of the Nepali capital Kathmandu in Lamjung District at a depth of 15 km. The earthquake also caused a number of landslides and avalanches.
Over 8 million people were affected in 39 of Nepal’s 75 districts
Over 2 million people live in the 11 most critically hit districts. The Central and Western Region, including the Kathmandu Valley districts, were the worst affected.
The earthquake caused 7,365 deaths and injured over 14,355 people, according to government figures as of 4 May
Over 191,000 houses have been destroyed and 2.8 million people have been displaced.
Secondary data analysis and earthquake intensity mapping indicated that as many as 600,000 houses have been damaged.
The government has identified 16 open spaces in the Kathmandu Valley for the establishment of displacement camps. Afraid of returning to their homes, many people have stayed in makeshift tents along road sides or in friends and neighbors’ gardens in Kathmandu.
Key infrastructure - including schools, health facilities, bridges, access roads, temples and heritage sites and telecommunications systems - been damaged or destroyed. Up to 90% of health facilities in rural areas have been damaged and hospitals in district capitals, including Kathmandu, are overcrowded and lack medical supplies and capacity. The more modern structures have withstood the severity of the quakes.
An estimated 3.5 million people were in need of food assistance and the impact on agriculture-based livelihoods was extremely high. The next planting season started in June, by which time farmers had to transplant rice to avoid further food insecurity.
Large loss of livestock. Malnutrition rates in certain areas of Nepal are among the highest in the world.
Transport of water has been interrupted, wells have been damaged, fuel was running low in many areas and power supply is limited.
The earthquake has intensified pre-existing vulnerabilities. Many people affected by the disaster were highly vulnerable on the basis of socio-economic, language, religious, caste/ethnic, and geographic factors.
An Early Recovery and livelihood cluster has been activated from May 2015 to September 2015. It has been desactivated after transitioning with a recovery platform led by UNDP since September 2015.
Seismic Vulnerabilities Evaluatin Guideline GoN
Small structure demolition manual All Hands Volunteers
Safe demolition poster, UNDP
Video on safe demolition, UNDP, (Youtube)
Experiences from other countries