In October 2011, first 100,000-150,000 IDPs fled from clashes and the National Transitional Council declared the liberation of Libya. It is almost 5 years since the country experienced violence, conflict and instability spared to almost every corner of Libya. The Libyan people have suffered tremendously and are now exhausted as they continue to live in fear for the safety and future. Many have lost their homes, livelihoods and loved ones. The Humanitarian Needs overview for Libya painted a deeply concerning picture of a people in the grip of armed conflict and political instability, and forced to flee their home, with authorities struggling to provide basic goods and services. There are almost 2.44M people who need humanitarian assistance in the country: 435,000 IDPs, 100,000 refugees, 150,000 migrants, and 1.75M non-displaced people.
Early Recovery was one of the components of the Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) for October 2015 – December 2016. The sector key activities involved strengthening the capacity of municipalities and local actors in data collection, city profiling, and area-based action planning, emergency preparedness, repair of critical infrastructure, economic revitalization, and community stabilization. The sector envisaged providing technical expertise and training as well as on-the-job support to the municipalities, service providers and other local actors to enable them to improve service delivery during crisis.
There were three ER objectives integrated into HRP: (1) Improve provision and access to municipal services (indicators: # of people receiving improved services (in need 1,140,000; target – 150,000)); (2) improve organizational, technical, and analytical capacity of local authorities with a participatory approach (indicators: # of conflict-affected population (disaggregated by gender and age) reached through campaign and awareness session on issues related to resilience and social cohesion (in need 435,000, target – 200,000)) ; (3) Support and strengthen local municipalities to provide better services (indicators: # of municipalities with evidence based and area based multi-sectoral analysis, prioritizing hum and ER response (in need 1,140,000 people, target – 3 municipalities)). The sector focused on Tripoli, Benghazi and Sebha. Beneficiaries include IDPs, migrants, refugees, and host communities. Public infrastructure, including schools, health centers and municipal centers are considered for interventions.
In 2017, the Humanitarian communities decided that components of early recovery support would be partly mainstreamed in humanitarian support, but also be addressed more holistically as part of other stabilization programmes. UNDP is still leading early recovery initiatives however, the Early Recovery Sector tunred to become dormant.
UNDP and the Operational Satellite Application Programme (UNOSAT) signed a Standard Operating Procedure (SoP) to strengthen their collaboration to make geospatial technology accessible for emergency and crisis response, early warning and preparedness, risk assessments and recovery planning at country and regional level, including in support of the work of the Global Early Recovery Cluster.
UNOSAT Rapid Mapping is activated include floods, earthquakes, storms, landslides, volcanoes, oil spills, chemical waste, refugee and Internally Displaced Person (IDP) camp mapping, conflict damage assessment and situation analysis. Output products including maps, GIS-ready data (for example flood extents, damage assessments), statistics and reports support clusters or UNDP to become more effective in all phases of the crisis cycle. read more
Available maps and analysis:
DSRSG/ RC /HC
United Nations Development Programme