Emergency Livelihoods and Social Cohesion Cluster
At the global level there is an Early Recovery (ER) cluster. However, all clusters have the mandate to cover  early recovery in their thematic area so at the country level the ER cluster is renamed to clearly reflect the specific thematic areas that it coordinates. The thematic areas will be those components that are required for a community to begin ‘Recovery’ that are not covered by other clusters. In the case of Iraq they are Emergency Livelihoods and Social Cohesion (EL&SC).
As you will see by reading the Humanitarian Needs Overview (HNO) Social Cohesion and Emergency Livelihoods are very closely linked as social tension is most likely to arise if livelihoods become scarce. In the humanitarian context of Iraq
Social Cohesion is defined as: 
“A general condition of stable co-existence within communities, when IDPs, refugees, and host community members accept socio-ethnic differences, have equitable access to livelihoods and other community resources, and feel safe and secure in their homes.”
Emergency Livelihoods are defined as: 
“relatively immediate and short term, non-agricultural,[1] activities that enable a vulnerable person or family, to earn an income by a dignified means and so enable them to make independent decisions of how best to meet their needs.” 
Emergency Livelihoods reduce aide dependence, promote resilience, stimulate the local economy and increase access to services and basic commodities by providing income.
Objective of the EL&SC : 
Build the resilience of IDPs, host communities and refugees and enable them to become self-reliant during chronic crisis, in their chosen location of Iraq, through support to community assets, increasing access to regular income and opening channels for dialogue.

Local Activity Feed

Humanitarian Response Plan

2017, Iraq - Advanced Executive Summary

Induction Package

for the Emergency Livelihoods and Social Cohesion Cluster

UNOSAT Rapid Mapping

UNDP and the Operational Satellite Application Programme (UNOSAT) signed a Standard Operating Procedure (SoP) to strengthen their collaboration to make geospatial technology accessible for emergency and crisis response, early warning and preparedness, risk assessments and recovery planning at country and regional level, including in support of the work of the Global Early Recovery Cluster.
UNOSAT Rapid Mapping is activated include floods, earthquakes, storms, landslides, volcanoes, oil spills, chemical waste, refugee and Internally Displaced Person (IDP) camp mapping, conflict damage assessment and situation analysis. Output products including maps, GIS-ready data (for example flood extents, damage assessments), statistics and reports support clusters or UNDP to become more effective in all phases of the crisis cycle. read more

Available maps and analysis:

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Key Country Contacts



Humanitarian Coordinator

Marta Ruedas

Humanitarian and Resident Coordinator

E-Mail :

UNDP Director

Mounir Tabet

UNDP Country Director

United Nations Development Programme

E-Mail :


United Nations Development Programme

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