The crisis in the DRC remains one of the world’s largest and most complex: 7.5 million people are currently in need of humanitarian assistance. Despite progress made in the restoration of the state, a majority of the Congolese continue facing humanitarian needs due to conflict, persistent insecurity and a general lack of development. Nearly 4.5 million people are food insecure and 8 per cent of Congolese children under five (3.6 million children) are wasting. The country is prone to recurrent natural disasters including floods, landslides, volcano eruptions, and diseases such as cholera and measles are endemic and regularly flame into epidemic emergencies.
On average 3,000 people were displaced in 2015 each day; more than 1 million were newly displaced in 2015. In total, more than 1.8 million people are presently internally displaced in the DRC, of which the majority has been displaced by conflict. The deteriorating security situation in several areas leads to a continuous flow of internal displacement with significant humanitarian consequences.
The presence of armed actors exposes civilians to numerous protection violations, such as human rights violations, including sexual violence, physical abuse, forced labor, illegal taxes and extortion. Violations of the civilian and humanitarian nature of displacement sites by armed men are also frequently reported. Many areas are also marked by strong community tensions and interethnic conflict, particularly over access to land. In 2015, the Protection and Monitoring system of UNHCR has identified 32,800 incidents of protection.