In 2015, Burundi experienced a sharp decline in its security situation following President Nkurunziza’s decision, announced on 26 April 2015, to run for a third term in office. The announcement, which sparked a strong negative reaction from opposition, civil society and parts of the wider population, including popular anti-third mandate demonstrations, was further compounded by a failed coup attempt on 13 May. The political instability created by the coup attempt resulted in further protests and violence in the streets of the capital and an increasingly violent crackdown by State security forces.  Following much debate and international attention, and three rounds of failed talks mediated by the UN, the African Union (AU), the International Conference for the Great Lakes Region (ICGLR) and the East African Community (EAC) aimed at credible elections, Presidential elections were held in Burundi on 21 July 2015 and President Nkurunziza took office for a contested third term. 


The results of the electoral process, which was boycotted by the opposition, have been met with concern on the part of the international community resulting in some partners freezing their direct budget support to the aid-dependent country and others still attempting to continue operations in a politically fragile environment.  The country has since been marred in socio-political crisis which is gradually chipping away at the hard-won peace consolidation gains of the past 10 years, bringing the country on the brink of instability with serious consequences on its economy and its social fabric.


Since the beginning of the year and despite the high level visits paid to the country by the Security Council Members, the Secretary-General and a delegation of 5 Heads of African States, the overall political and security context in Burundi remains extremely fragile with several high-ranking military officers being assassinated in the past weeks and national forces that appear to be increasingly divided. Serious concerns have been expressed with regards to human rights violations committed throughout the country. It is against this background that the regionally mediated dialogue process between Government and its opposition is now showing timid signs of resumption after the 28th December 2015 initial meeting.  The dialogue process is expected to kick start again in May 2016. 


Early Recovery and Durable Solutions Initiatives.


Pendant plus d’une décennie, la guerre au Burundi a eu des conséquences désastreuses sur la situation économique et sociale. Un grand nombre de Burundais, dont pour plus de la moitié des enfants de moins de 18 ans, se sont déplacés à l’intérieur du pays et/ou réfugiés dans les pays de la sous-région.


Depuis la signature de l’Accord d’Arusha en 2000 et suite à la tenue des élections après-crise en 2005, la réintégration socio-économique des personnes affectées par le conflit est devenue une priorité pour le gouvernement burundais.


En dépit des efforts importants réalisés dans le cadre du processus de réintégration et relèvement communautaire, la crise politico-sécuritaire qui dure depuis avril 2015 a provoqué le départ de plus de milliers de nouveaux burundais qui se sont réfugiés dans les pays de la sous-région (principalement RDC, Rwanda, Ouganda, Tanzanie et Zambie).


A cela s’ajoute de nombreux nouveaux déplacés internes qui ont trouvé refuge dans des ménages d’accueil. Les évaluations menées par les partenaires montrent que le nombre de déplacés et de retournés continue d’augmenter et qu’il est nécessaire d’apporter des solutions durables à la situation immédiate et ses évolutions à moyen et long-terme.


Face à ce contexte complexe et les graves conséquences humanitaires qui en découlent, les agences des Nations Unies sont interpelées à soutenir les autorités afin de mettre en place les mesures nécessaires pour soulager les populations. C’est dans cette optique que le PNUD, le HCR, l’UNICEF sous l’égide du bureau du coordonnateur résident appuient le développement d’un plan d’actions pour apporter des solutions durables aux populations.



UNOSAT Rapid Mapping

UNDP and the Operational Satellite Application Programme (UNOSAT) signed a Standard Operating Procedure (SoP) to strengthen their collaboration to make geospatial technology accessible for emergency and crisis response, early warning and preparedness, risk assessments and recovery planning at country and regional level, including in support of the work of the Global Early Recovery Cluster.
UNOSAT Rapid Mapping is activated include floods, earthquakes, storms, landslides, volcanoes, oil spills, chemical waste, refugee and Internally Displaced Person (IDP) camp mapping, conflict damage assessment and situation analysis. Output products including maps, GIS-ready data (for example flood extents, damage assessments), statistics and reports support clusters or UNDP to become more effective in all phases of the crisis cycle. read more

Available maps and analysis:

Please wait while the feed is loaded...

Key Country Contacts



Garry Conille

Resident coordinator a.i. Humanitarian Coordinator

Unites Nations Development Programme

E-Mail : garry.conille@one.un.org

Algredo Teixeira

UNDP Country Director

e-mail : alfredo.teixeira@undp.org 

Ndeye Penda Ndiaye

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

E-Mail : ndiayend@unhcr.org


Marie Ange Kigeme

United Nations Development Programme 

E-Mail : ange.kigeme@undp.org


Please click here to consult the Burundi contact list.