Livelihood work in emergencies may focus on three `tracks` or concepts.  Emergency employment helps people rebuild their lives and restore livelihoods in the immediate aftermath of disaster or conflict . Local economic recovery and community driven recovery programs include the development of local human capacity (i.e. skills training), access to finance (e.g. micro-loans), market based economic activities, pro-poor value chains and includes governments at national and local level, as well as civil society and the private sector. Finally, sustainable employment creation through the promotion of an enabling environment, renewed labour market mechanisms and institutions and private sector recovery can be a foundation of long term recovery. 


Cash Programming

Cash Transfer Programming (CTP) is increasingly used for humanitarian response with the recognition that CTP can complement the provision of in-kind assistance during emergencies. Provision of cash, when appropriate, empowers the affected population to decide on their own how to meet their own needs using available local resources.



Signature Product Emergency Employment and Entreprise Recovery

Emergency employment focuses on providing beneficiaries with cash payments and immediate income generation activities, while providing a basis for more sustainable livelihoods. Emergency employment often contributes rapid improvements to community infrastructure while strengthening disaster preparedness, enabling access to local markets and restoring delivery of basic services.



Clusters and Livelihoods

Stabilizing people’s livelihoods represents an essential intervention in reducing the impact of a crisis, and it is a critical first step to reducing vulnerability and building resilience. Large-scale temporary employment generation programmes and unconditional cash transfers targeting households can provide vital income to families that experienced major losses as a result of the disaster or conflict; in the same context, enterprise recovery schemes can rapidly get microenterprises back in business through dedicated grants.



Photo Credit : UNDP Myanmar
Amber Polishing enterprise for resettled families supported by UNDP



UNDP Signature Product : Guidance Note on Emergency Employment and Enterprise Recovery (Spanish)


UNDP Global Toolkit on the 3x6 approach - Building resilience through jobs and livelihoods


Manual du mecanisme de reintegration socio-economique (FR) inspired in the 3x6 approach of UNDP. 


The Cash Learning Partnership


Other resources 


Post your question on Ealy Recovery & Livelihood on our discussion forum !


Learn more on Livelihood : check Module 5 of our e-learning


Country illustrations


Burundi Manual du mecanisme de reintegration socio-economique (FR) inspired in the 3x6 approach of UNDP. 

CameroonStrenghtening local market and livelihood

DRC: Réhabilitation socio-économique

Haiti: création d'emplois d'urgence pour injecter rapidement de l'argent dans l'économie locale, restaurer les moyens de subsistance immédiats des ménages les plus vulnérables, et réhabiliter les infrastructures essentielles dans les communautés.

Iraq: Strenghtening livelihood and local markets

Yemen: The Emergency Employment and Community Rehabilitation Cluster aims at strengthening the resilience of affected families and communities through the provision of emergency and alternative income opportunities, protection and restoration of livelihoods and support to the rebuilding of communities and paving the way for longer term stabilization, peacebuilding and development. 


Read more on countries here