The three pillars of the HRP 2018 are to save and protect lives, prevent and mitigate protection risks and ensure early recovery and durable solutions in the zones with greatest humanitarian needs in Colombia as identified in the HNO. The plan intends to ensure the centrality of protection, a populational approach with gender equality and to promote the link between processes of durable solutions, peace building and development.
Lead agency: United NAtions Development Program (UNDP)
Co-lead agency: IOM, Mercy Corps
The strategy promotes a response in early recovery (ER) in crisis contexts that have been caused by natural disasters or anthropic causes, by armed conflict or generalized violence. It also promotes the transversalization of the ER approach as an integrating element for any sector and any response that helps the potential bridge towards recuperation for sustainable development and sustainable and lasting peace building.
This strategy is, therefore, focused in crisis contexts, but also in post-crisis, and in this case, of post-accord, envisioning not only the opportunities but also the risks that may occur in the framework of the implementation of the peace accords; and that implies responses that are coordinated, multi-sectoral and complementary to Government actions.
The strategy centres on preparedness, coordination and response actions from a differential, territorial, gender, protection and life cycle approach centred on the population affected by natural disasters, armed conflict, generalized violence, the border population and host communities with a special emphasis on ethnic, female and youth communities as well as displaced communities located in urban and rural zones, as well as populations located in the ETCR (Territorial Spaces for Training and Reincorporation) or in the PDET (Development Programmes With a Territorial-Based Approach zones).
Priority ER actions centre on recovery, protection and diversification of livelihoods and income generation, as well as the prevention, management and mitigation of climatic or adaptation to climate change risks or socio-environmental conflicts. The working group also focuses on the development of sustainable solution actions for the comprehensive reparation of victims, access to justice and conflict transformation, social cohesion and reconciliation actions that also include the excombatant population.
These actions will be coordinated and implemented in a transversal manner with the different sectors, but particularly with the Food security and nutrition cluster in regards to issues of livelihoods and rural development.
Additionally, the working group will have a special relation with the Protection Cluster in that related to sustainable solutions and prevention of violences. Finally, the working group will have an active presence in the working groups and sectors that promote issues of stabilization and territorial peace building.