Supporting governments to maintain or re-establish services, including to ensure stability:
Responding to EVD Liberia, the Education cluster considered the reopening of schools as a key early recovery priority and indicator of a return to normalcy. The Cluster supported the development and roll-out of the ‘Protocol for the Safe Opening of Schools’ in partnership with governments, with the objective being to limit the risk of EVD transmission and ensure preparedness for potential new outbreaks. The Protocol entails specific details on teaching and classroom management, and improvements in the physical school environments.
Also in the EVD response, the WASH cluster supported governments in their efforts to maintain and re-establish WASH infrastructure in general, and in particular, in state facilities such as health posts and schools, without which they could not have reopened. Supporting the government to maintain infrastructure in urban areas with increased population was also seen as a way of preserving stability. It was also noted that in Guinea in particular, the withdrawal of some development actors active in the sector triggered a slowing down of a number of ongoing projects and led to increased needs.
In Iraq the Education Cluster strategy focused on supporting the government to provide quality education in a protective environment to crisis affected people and to prepare for future crises.
Support governments to deliver quality programmes, Integrate and promote international standards and guidelines
The Global Protection cluster shared examples from a range of contexts concerning documentation – in particular around the appropriate issuance of identity documents. It was noted that across multiple clusters, early recovery success in this domain happened when international and national actors focussed on the longer-term were able to engage. Examples include the engagement of programmes supporting birth registration or census efforts, plus those engaged in technical support to governments on the rule of law.
In the Philippines the Nutrition cluster worked to fill gaps identified by government, and to support the government in maintaining national programmes, including with advocacy relating to the ‘National Milk Code’.
In Sudan the Nutrition cluster works with government on three common projects: Community Management of Acute Malnutrition, Infant and Young Child Feeding, and Micronutrient Deficiency Prevention and Control. The strategy is to improve treatment services; the availability of drugs, therapeutic and supplemental food; and, adherence to guidance through training, community linkages and monitoring.