Throughout the past decades, political and security developments in the African Great Lakes region, such as the continued activities of illegal armed groups as well as electoral crises, have provided significant challenges to civilians, communities, and governments. As a result the border areas between Burundi, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda remain the main theatre for instability in the region.
Such instability has resulted in tensions within and between communities, human rights violations and abuses, new and continuing cross-border movements of displaced persons and challenges to cross-border trade.
The causes and consequences of the challenges facing the Great Lakes region are regional in nature and thus need to be addressed in a comprehensive manner by ensuring a concerted and coordinated approach across state boundaries
THE GREAT LAKES REGIONAL STRATEGIC FRAMEWORK
Based on the regional conflict analysis, the United Nations developed the Great Lakes Regional Strategic Framework (GLRSF) to provide a framework for aligning the development work of UN agencies to the implementation of the Road Map of the UN Special Envoy for the Great Lakes. In a cross- pillar approach, the UN has joined forces at cross-border and regional level to address the diverse peacebuilding challenges of the region with an interdisciplinary, cross-cutting, multi-level approach.
The GLRSF focuses on the core countries of the African Great Lakes region, namely Burundi, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda.