Haiti remains affected by a convergence of humanitarian crises further aggravated by a devastating category 4 Hurricane Matthew which struck the country on 4 October 2016 and has severely exacerbated the pre-existing humanitarian situation. Through the Humanitarian Needs Overview (HNO), the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) has estimated that 2.7 million people will require humanitarian, protection or early recovery assistance in 2017, of which 2.4 million will be targeted countrywide.
With more than 98% of Haitians exposed to two or more types of disasters, the impact of recurring natural disasters is particularly severe, especially considering the already pre-existing protection, socio-economic and environmental vulnerabilities and disparities. Most Haitians remain vulnerable to natural hazards and disasters, such as floods, landslides, droughts, earthquakes and hurricanes. With more than a half of its total population living in extreme poverty, Hurricane Matthew has once more demonstrated Haiti's weakened ability to cope, recover and adapt to shocks from natural disasters. Meanwhile, as a result of electoral-related tensions, politically motivated demonstrations and insecurity have affected the humanitarian operating environment since mid-2015 against the backdrop of a decreasing humanitarian presence in the field due to the lack of humanitarian funding.